Posts in Category: Construction Products Europe

DELEGATED ACT: CLASSIFICATION OF THE REACTION TO FIRE (CLASS F)

The European Commission has now published a new delegated act to define the classification of the reaction to fire performance of construction products. The reason to revise this classification was the meaning of classes F, FFL, FL and Fca. Up to now it was “No performance determined” (NPD) or fail class E but this definition was inconsistent with the definition of class in the CPR (range of levels, delimited by a minimum and a maximum value, of performance of a construction product).

The new classification redefines class F (including FFL, FL and Fca) as the lowest class. No other substantial changes were made, apart from adapting the wording to the terminology and the concepts used in the CPR. The European classification system has been consolidated regarding the reaction to fire of construction products. This Decision as amended contains four classification Tables for different families of construction products.

Classes of reaction to fire performance for construction products excluding floorings, linear pipe thermal insulation products, and electric cables

Class Test method(s) Classification criteria Additional classification
E EN ISO 11925-2(8):
Exposure = 15 s
Fs ≤ 150mm within 20s Flaming droplets/ particles (7)
F EN ISO 11925-2(8):
Exposure = 15 s
Fs > 150mm within 20s
…
 (7) No ignition of the paper = no additional classification; Ignition of the paper = d2 classification
 (8) Under conditions of surface flame attack and, if appropriate to the intended use of the product, edge flame attack

Classes of reaction to fire performance for floorings

Class Test method(s) Classification criteria Additional classification
EFL EN ISO 11925-2(8):
Exposure = 15 s
Fs ≤ 150mm within 20s
FFL EN ISO 11925-2(8):
Exposure = 15 s
Fs > 150mm within 20s
…
 (8) Under conditions of surface flame attack and, if appropriate to the intended use of the product, edge flame attack

Classes of reaction to fire performance for linear pipe insulation products

Class Test method(s) Classification criteria Additional classification
EL EN ISO 11925-2(8):
Exposure = 15 s
Fs ≤ 150mm within 20s Flaming droplets/ particles (7)
FL EN ISO 11925-2(8):
Exposure = 15 s
Fs > 150mm within 20s
…
 (7) No ignition of the paper = no additional classification; Ignition of the paper = d2 classification
 (8) Under conditions of surface flame attack and, if appropriate to the intended use of the product, edge flame attack

Classes of reaction to fire performance for electric cables

Class Test method(s) Classification criteria Additional classification
Eca EN 60332-1-2 H ≤ 425 mm
Fca EN 60332-1-2 H > 425 mm

Within all these Tables, Classes F, FFL, FL and Fca have been introduced for situations where the reaction to fire performance is lower than classes E, EFL, EL and Eca.

This change has an impact on Member States’ regulations, they will have to be amended to consider the new classification and the last class will no longer be “NPD”.

Manufacturers declaring classes F, FFL, FL or Fca from the date of entry into force of the delegated act (05/04/2016) are responsible for the fire performance of their products and they will not be able to claim that they did not determine it. The advice to manufacturers on this situation is to change their declaration to NPD in the case they do not want to claim any performance. If they keep class F the meaning of their declaration will be different than it was before.

The CPR provides options to reduce the burden of manufacturers claiming class F performance in article 36 (Use of Appropriate Technical Documentation):

[…] a manufacturer may replace type-testing by Appropriate Technical Documentation demonstrating that […] the construction product, […] corresponds to the product-type of another construction product, manufactured by another manufacturer and already tested in accordance with the relevant harmonised standard. When these conditions are fulfilled, the manufacturer is entitled to declare performance corresponding to all or part of the test results of this other product. The manufacturer may use the test results obtained by another manufacturer only after having obtained an authorisation of that manufacturer, who remains responsible for the accuracy, reliability and stability of those test result.

Therefore a group of manufacturers can share the testing of the product to declare classes F, FFL, FL or Fca. The way to do it is to develop an internal dossier with the test report of the other manufacturer, the agreement to use it and a technical document describing the correspondence of product-types between the products as regards fire performance. Manufacturers must also include a reference to this internal document in point 8 of their declaration of performance (but the document should not be attached to the DoP, just the reference).

WELCOME TO CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS EUROPE BLOG

We are very pleased to announce the launch of our blog that we have set up as a forum to discuss relevant construction-related topics. The focus will be on Construction Product Regulation but we will also include other related topics, so please feel free to input into the discussions taking place on the blog. To be able to comment on an article, you can click on the individual article and fill in your details and response in the comment box at the bottom of each post.

The first article covers the history of the CPD and the reasons behind why it is now changing to CPR. We will be posting new articles in the very near future covering topics such as the construction products covered by the CPR and a breakdown of what the implementation of the regulation actually means for construction product manufacturers.

We decided to start this blog as blogs are far more interactive than newsletters and most websites and it is easier to put ideas forward in this forum rather than on Twitter. Everyone is welcome to comment and we will feature guest bloggers in the future! If you have any questions or comments please email communications@construction-products.eu.

You can visit our website for futher information on the work that we do as an association here. We will also announce on twitter whenever we have a new discussion and also feature highlights from the blog, so keep up to date with us here.

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